Alcohol

Resources/contacts


If you or someone you know is having problems with drugs, help is available at:

Alcohol and Drug 24-Hour Helpline
800-562-1240

Crisis Clinic Resource Hotline
360-586-2800

True North-Student Assistance Services
360-339-8108

Providence St. Peter Chemical Dependency Center
800-332-0465

If you want to learn more about drug abuse or find information on particular drugs, the following links can be useful:

Drug dependence/abuse information by WebMD

Drug information and parenting advice

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s family guide to underage drinking

The Partnership at DrugFree.org has information for parents in English and in Spanish, along with a drug guide

 

Ohio State University Medical Center describes substance abuse and chemical dependence in an easy-to-read manner and answers frequent questions.

For information on underage drinking, see TOGETHER!’s program page.


Alcohol is a chemical called ethanol that is made from fruits and grains. It is drunk in liquid form, mostly in the forms of beer, wine and liquor.


The effects of alcohol are dependent on a variety of factors, including a person's size, weight, age and sex, as well as the amount of food and alcohol consumed. Moderate alcohol intake causes the following:

Lowered inhibitions

Dizziness

Talkativeness

Slurred speech

Disturbed sleep

Nausea and vomiting

Clumsiness

Confusion

Lack of focus/concentration

Rapid mood swings, including to violence or depression


Alcohol, even at low doses, significantly impairs the judgment and coordination required to drive a car safely. Low to moderate doses of alcohol can also increase the incidence of aggressive acts, including abuse. Hangovers are another possible effect after large amounts of alcohol are consumed; a hangover consists of headache, nausea, thirst, dizziness and fatigue. Alcohol also can intensify the effects of other drugs, causing adverse reactions or stronger side effects.


Over time, alcohol can cause permanent liver, heart and brain damage; liver cancer; high blood pressure; and addiction, or alcoholism. Mothers who drink alcohol during pregnancy may give birth to infants with fetal alcohol syndrome. These infants may suffer from mental retardation and/or physical abnormalities. In addition, research indicates that children of alcoholic parents are at greater risk than other children of becoming alcoholics themselves.


Discontinuing consumption of alcohol after several years of heavy drinking can be fatal. Alcohol withdrawal can cause anxiety, seizures, hallucinations and delirium tremens. The safest way to quit drinking for long-term users is through a detoxification program.


Alcohol poisoning: After excessive or binge drinking, unconsciousness can result. Extreme levels of consumption can lead to alcohol poisoning, coma and/or death. Death also can occur by the victim choking on his or her vomit. Symptoms of alcohol poisoning can include vomiting, seizures, slow or irregular breathing, blue-tinged or pale skin, low body temperature, and unconsciousness.


Online resources:

Alcohol abuse at WebMD

Analyze your alcohol consumption with this quiz

Information on alcohol from Partnership for a Drug-Free America

Information on alcoholism from the Mayo Clinic

Information on alcohol poisoning from the Mayo Clinic


Click on the drugs listed below to find out more about them:


Alcohol
Barbiturates
Buprenorphine
Cocaine
Codeine
Crack
DXM (cough syrup)
Ecstasy
GHB
Hashish
Heroin
Ketamine
LSD (acid)
Marijuana
Methadone
Methamphetamine (meth)
Mushrooms
Naltrexone
Opium
OxyContin (oxycodone)
PCP (phencyclidine)
Percocet (oxycodone)
Peyote/mescaline
Pseudoephedrine
Quaaludes
Rohypnol (roofies)
Steroids
Stimulants
Tobacco
Tranquilizers
Valium
Vicodin (hydrocodone)